Mens Rea Under Article 86, UCMJ
- Specific intent is not an element of the Article 86 offenses, but it is necessary to pleadand prove specific intent for certain aggravating factors ( e.g. , intent to avoid field maneuvers or field exercises). MCM, pt. IV, 10c(3) and (4).
- Unauthorized absence requires is a general intent crime, whereas desertion under Article 85 requires specific intent. United States v. Holder , 22 C.M.R. 3 (C.M.A. 1956).
Attempts. Attempted AWOL may be a lesser included offense of desertion and attempteddesertion. United States v. Evans , 28 M.J. 753 (A.F.C.M.R. 1989), aff’d , 29 M.J. 331 (C.M.A. 1989).
Multiplicity/Unreasonable Multiplication of Charges
- Multiplicity: AWOL & breaking restriction covering same time period. UnitedStates v. Hudson, 58 M.J. 357 (C.A.A.F. 2004).
- Unreasonable multiplication of charges: multiple failures to repair & dereliction ofduty. United States v. Taylor , 26 M.J. 7 (C.M.A. 1988).
- Article 86(1) is not a lesser included offense of Article 86(3). United States v. Reese ,7 C.M.R. 292 (A.B.R. 1953).
- Article 86(3) is not a lesser included offense of Article 86(1) or (2). United States v.Sturkey , 50 C.M.R. 110 (A.C.M.R. 1975).