Pretrial prisoner: a person subject to the UCMJ who is properly ordered to confinement pending preferral of charges, disposition of charges, or trial by court-martial, or a person properly ordered to confinement while awaiting trial by a foreign court is a pretrial prisoner.
Adjudged prisoner: a person whose sentence to confinement has been announced in open court by not yet approved by the convening authority.
Sentenced prisoner: occurs when the convening authority takes action to approve the confinement portion of the sentence.
Discharged prisoner: occurs upon completion of appellate review and execution of the punitive discharge.
Real Costs of a COURT MARTIAL Conviction and Discharge